Vancouver Charter: rules of the game

City Hall South sideEvery now and then, people wonder about what legislation governs this city. The answer is the “Vancouver Charter.” Here below are excerpts from the City website.

The City of Vancouver, including the Vancouver Park Board, is regulated under the Vancouver Charter, a provincial statute. The Charter contains the rules that govern how the City operates, what bylaws City Council can create, and how budgets are set. Under the Charter, City Council has the authority to pass bylaws to regulate such things as noise and land use, buy and sell property, collect certain taxes, approve expenditures, take on debt, give grants, and hire and discharge employees. Other provincial legislation (e.g., BC Police Act) determines the responsibilities of other City boards and commissions.

Link to the Table of Contents and individual sections:

Provincial statute, passed in 1953, incorporates the City of Vancouver, BC, Canada. This legislation supersedes the Vancouver Incorporation Act and grants the City different powers than other communities have under BC’s Municipalities Act.

One important historical note, based on a Wikipedia entryOn January 12, 2009 Vancouver Mayor Gregor Robertson requested an amendment to the Charter to allow the city to borrow $458 million to fund the completion of the 2010 Olympic Village in False Creek without seeking approval from taxpayers in an election-day plebiscite. Robertson said this was due to extraordinary circumstances. The amendment was passed on January 18, 2009 in an emergency session of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia.

For your convenience, and easy keyword searches, here we copy the contents list of the Vancouver Charter, as of 13-March-2013. Please refer to the official website for actual text.

[SBC 1953] CHAPTER 55
1. Short title
2. Interpretation
2.1 Application of specified municipal enactments
3 Requirements for public notice
4. Deputies may be appointed
5. Procedure if no deputy
6. The city a corporation
Boundaries of the city
Part I — Electors and Elections
Division (1) — Interpretation
7. Definitions
8. Time not extended for voting days
8.1 This Act applies
Division (2) — Arrangements for Elections
9. General local election every 3 years
10. By-elections
11. Minister’s order for election to be conducted
12. Election by-laws
13. Costs of elections
14. Appointment of election officials
15. Chief election officer duties and powers
16. Presiding election official duties and powers
Division (3) — Election Proceedings Generally
17. Public notices
18. Solemn declarations
19. Keeping order at election proceedings
20. Adjournment of election proceedings
21. Exceptional assistance in election proceedings
Division (4) — Electors
22. Who may vote at an election
23. Resident electors
24. Non-resident property electors
25. Rules for determining residence
26. When a person may register as an elector
27. Voting day registration only
28. Application for registration
29. How to register in advance
30. How to register as a resident elector at the time of voting
30.1 How to register as a non-resident property elector at the time of voting
31. Repealed
32. Automatic registration by inclusion on Provincial list of voters
33. Effect of registration
34. Register of electors
35. List of registered electors
36. Objection to registration of an elector
37. Resolving objections
Division (5) — Qualifications for Office
38. Who may hold elected office
39. Disqualification of Council and regional district employees
40. Only one elected office at a time on Council
Division (6) — Nominations
41. Nomination period
42. Notice of nomination
43. Nomination of candidates
44. Nomination documents
44.1 Nomination deposits
45. Nomination by delivery of nomination documents
46. Declaration of candidates
47. Challenge of nomination
48. Declaration of election by voting or acclamation
49. Notice of election by voting
50. Appointment if an insufficient number of candidates are elected
Division (7) — Candidates and Representatives
51. Ballot showing candidate endorsement by elector organization
52. Withdrawal, death or incapacity of candidate
53. Appointment of candidate representatives
54. Presence of candidate representatives at election proceedings
Division (8) — Campaign Financing
55. Definitions
56. Election campaign
57. Financial agent required for candidates, elector organizations and campaign organizers
57.01 Information to be provided to chief election officer
57.1 Campaign accounts
58. Restrictions on accepting contributions and incurring expenses
59. Restrictions on making campaign contributions
60. Financial agent must record contribution and expenses
61. Valuation of campaign contributions and election expenses
61.1 Transfer of candidate’s surplus campaign funds
62. Duty to file disclosure statement
62.1 Duty to file supplementary reports
62.2 Late filing of disclosure statements
63. Court order for relief from filing obligations
64. Candidate disqualification for failure to file disclosure statement
64.1 Disqualification of elector organization or campaign organizer for failure to file
64.2 Public notice of failure to file
64.3 Candidate disqualification for false or incomplete reports
64.4 Disqualification of elector organization or campaign organizer for false or incomplete reports
65. Disclosure statements and supplementary reports to be available for public inspection
Division (9) — Voting Opportunities
66. Voting opportunities for electors
67. Required general voting opportunities
68. Additional general voting opportunities
69. Required advance voting opportunities
70. Additional advance voting opportunities
71. Special voting opportunities
72. Mail ballot voting
Division (10) — Arrangements for Voting
73. Voting places
74. Use of voting machines
75. Voting divisions
76. Form of ballots
77. What must and must not be included on a ballot
78. Order of names on ballot
79. Order of names on ballot determined by lot
80. Ballot boxes
Division (11) — Conduct of Voting Proceedings
81. Persons who must be present at voting places
82. Persons who may be present at voting places
83. Sealing of ballot boxes containing ballots
84. Time for voting extended
Division (12) — Voting
85. Voting to be by secret ballot
86. Each elector may vote only once
87. Requirements before elector may be given a ballot to vote
88. Challenge of elector
89. If another person has already voted under an elector’s name
90. Replacement of spoiled ballot
91. How to vote by ballot
92. One person to a voting compartment
93. Persons needing assistance to mark their ballots
94. Persons unable to enter a voting place
Division (13) — Counting of the Vote
95. When and where counting is to be done
96. Who may be present at counting
97. Who does the counting
98. Opening of ballot boxes
99. Combination of ballots for counting
100. Procedures for counting
101. Rules for accepting votes and rejecting ballots
102. Objections to the acceptance of a vote or the rejection of a ballot
103. Ballot account
104. Packaging of ballots
105. Delivery of election materials to chief election officer
106. Preliminary election results
107. Determination of official election results
108. Declaration of official election results
109. When elected candidates may take office
Division (14) — Judicial Recount
110. Application for judicial recount
111. Judicial recount procedure
112. Results of judicial recount and orders as to costs
113. Determination of results by lot if tie vote after judicial recount
114. Runoff election if tie vote after a judicial recount
Division (15) — Declaration of Invalid Election
115. Application to court
116. Hearing of the application
117. Power of the court on an application
118. Costs of an application
119. Status of an elected candidate
Division (16) — Final Proceedings
120. Report of election results
121. Publication of election results
122. Retention and destruction of election materials
Division (17) — Election Offences
123. Vote buying
124. Intimidation
124.1 Prohibition against certain election advertising on general voting day
125. Other election offences
125.1 Prosecution of organizations and their directors and agents
126. Penalties
Division (18) — General
127. Powers of minister in relation to elections
128. Regulations
Part II — Other Voting
Division (1) — Interpretation
129. Definitions
130. Other voting to be conducted in same manner as an election
Division (2) — Assent of the Electors
131. How assent is obtained
132. Each by-law to be voted on must be for a distinct purpose
Division (3) — Proceedings for Other Voting
133. Who may vote at other voting
134. General voting day for other voting
135. Arrangements for other voting
136. Notice of other voting
136.1 Ballots for other voting
136.2 When counting for other voting is to be done
136.3 Other general matters
Division (4) — Scrutineers
136.4 Scrutineers for other voting
136.5 Notice of applications to volunteer as a scrutineer
136.6 Applications to volunteer to act as scrutineer for other voting
136.7 Appointment of scrutineers for other voting
Part III — The Council and Its General Powers
137. Size and quorum of Council
138. Councillor elections: at large unless on a neighbourhood constituency basis
139. Term of office for Mayor and Councillors
140. Oath of office
141. Circumstances in which a person is disqualified from office on Council
142. Resignation from office
142.1 Application to court for declaration of disqualification
142.2 Status of person subject to an application
142.3 Costs of an application
143. Time of Council meetings
144. Validity of Council proceedings
145. City’s powers exercisable by Council generally
145.1 Voting at Council meetings
145.2 Disclosure of conflict
145.3 Restrictions on participation if in conflict
145.4 Restrictions on inside influence
145.5 Restrictions on outside influence
145.6 Exceptions from conflict restrictions
145.7 Restrictions on accepting gifts
145.8 Disclosure of gifts
145.9 Disclosure of contracts with council members and former council members
145.91 Restrictions on use of insider information
145.92 Court order for person to give up financial gain
146. Quorum for conducting business
147. Continuing bodies
148. Unreasonableness no bar
149. Time within which by-laws may be questioned
150. Good faith test of sales
151. Exercise of Council powers by by-law and resolution
152. Power to accept property
153. Exceptional grants only upon assent of electors
153A. Franchise for telegraph, steam-heat, or hot-water service
154. Power of Provincial Government to confer added powers in emergency
155. Settlement of claims
156. Witnesses may be required to attend
157. Declaratory judgments may be sought
158. Recovery of costs in certain cases
159. Council may set up committees
160. Discharge of committees
161. Delegation of powers
161A. Permits and delegation of authority to issue permits
161B. Suspension, revocation, etc., of permits
162. Council’s power to set up departments, etc.
To appoint employees
162A. To appoint a Board of Administration
163. Termination on one month’s notice
164. Provision for bonding
164.1 Meeting procedures
165. By-laws covering —
Conduct at Council meetings
Notice of meetings
Delegation of powers
Other regulations
Destruction of documents
165.1 General rule that meetings must be open to the public
165.2 Meetings that may or must be closed to the public
165.21 Other persons attending closed meetings
165.3 Requirements respecting closed meetings
165.4 Repealed
165.5 Expulsion from meetings
165.6 Repealed
165.7 Application to other city bodies
165.8 Regulations respecting open meetings
166. Special vote
167. How by-law to be completed
168. Inspection by public of records
169. Execution of contracts
170. Signing of cheques
171. By-law provable by production
172. Taxes, etc., are a debt due the city
173. Council may declare emergency
174. Repealed
175. Union label may be required
Special provision in collective agreements
175A. City may join employers’ organization
176. Inquiry by barrister
177. Barrister’s powers
177.1 Contempt proceeding for uncooperative person
178. Barrister’s fees
179. Acquisition of parks, etc.
180. Indemnification of employees
181. Metric regulations
182. Repealed
183. Repealed
184. Questions may be submitted for the opinion of the electors
185. Council to provide for upkeep of city property
186. Power to watch legislation
187. City may be represented before Boards, etc.
188. Intermunicipal bridges
189. Good rule and government
190. Council may acquire property
Disposal of real property
190.1 Financing in relation to Southeast False Creek development
191. Power to buy and sell commodities
192. City may enter into agreements pursuant to Statutes
192.1 Joint exercise of powers with other municipalities
193. Power to undertake housing development
193A. Power to acquire property for commercial or industrial development
193B. Power to acquire property for improvement or rehabilitation
193C. Power to achieve heritage purposes
193D. Single room accommodation permits
194. Daylight saving
195. Insurance may be contracted for
195A. Employee and officer expenses
196. Council members’ remuneration and expenses
196A. Reporting of remuneration and expenses
197. By-laws may be revised
198. Provision for civic holiday
199. Added powers of Council
200. Expenditures to be kept within estimates
201. Investment of city funds
201A. Property acquisition fund
202. Expenditures prior to adoption of estimates
202A. Social planning
203. Powers of Council re businesses, trades, etc.
204. Authorized expenditures
Recognition of guests
Disaster relief
Rewards may be offered
Training to meet emergencies arising out of war, etc.
Awards to employees
Heritage recognition
Civic periodical authorized
Acquisition of property for public purposes
204A. Operation of public auditorium or museum
205. Freedom of the city may be bestowed
206. Council may make grants and provide assistance
Animal society, etc.
Preventing cruelty to animals
Bands, orchestras, etc.
Assisting conventions in the city
Athletic sports, etc.
Association of municipalities
Welfare organizations
Municipal ferries
206A. Sunday sport
Proclaimed for June 18th, 1958, by O. in C. No. 1465/58
206B. Further relief from provisions of Lord’s Day Act (Canada)
206C. Pensions for Council members
206D. Time as M.P. included
Part IV — Duties of Mayor, Director of Finance, City Clerk, City Treasurer, and Auditors
207. Status of Mayor
208. Mayor’s duties
To enforce law for government of city
To make recommendations to Council
Oversee employees’ conduct
Power to suspend
209. Acting-Mayor
Director of Finance
210. Director of Finance
211. Duty to advise Council
212. To have control —
Over revenue
Debentures and sinking fund
All financial matters
213. How money disbursed
214. Examination of accounts before warrant issued
215. Council to authorize disbursements
216. Provision for advance authorization
217. Deduction where payee indebted to city
218. Fund to be adequate
219. Director of Finance to report on revenue and expenditure
City Clerk
220. City Clerk
221. Making and custody of records
222. And of by-laws
223. To attend meetings
224. Proof of documents in Court
225. Seal in custody of City Clerk
City Treasurer
226. City Treasurer
227. Receives and disburses all moneys
228. To keep complete accounts
229. To hold sinking fund securities
230. Appointment of Auditor
Limitations of appointment
Removal of auditors
Remuneration to be paid auditors
231. Duties and powers of auditors
232. Duty to report in certain cases
233. Added duties
234. Duty of Council and officers to assist auditors
235. Powers of auditors, call for books and documents
235A. Restriction on removal of records, books, and other documents from city office
235B. Rights of electors
Part V — By-laws for Contracting Debts
236. Limit of borrowing power
237. When by-law takes effect
238. When debt repayable
239. Issue of securities to cover debt
239A. Borrowing from Greater Vancouver Regional District
240. Recitals in money by-laws
241. Debt may be callable
242. What borrowing to be submitted to electors
243. Valid after expiration of month
244. Provision for amendment or diversion
245. Borrowing over a period of years
245A. Expenditure for providing information to electors
246. Conditions of borrowing
247. Issue of debentures to repurchase or redeem earlier debentures
247A. Debt repayment fund
248. How executed
248A. Issue and servicing of debentures
249. Coupons
250. How payable
251. Payable in full
252. Provision for registration
253. How authorized
254. Effect of endorsement
255. Provision for cancellation
256. City not concerned with trusts
257. Lost debenture may be replaced
258. Sale of debenture
259. Expenditure may be delayed
260. Application of securities held as investments from sinking funds
261. Sinking fund accounts
262. Provision for transfer of surplus to sinking fund
263. Borrowing pending collection of real-property taxes
264. Borrowing pending sale of debentures
265. Repealed
266–267A. Repealed
268. Repealed
Part VI — Licences
269. Chief Licence Inspector
270. Powers of inspection
271. Duty to give access and information
272. By-laws for —
Fixing fees
Regulating fuel-dealers, hours of delivery, weigh-scales
Special licence re vehicles
Extent of regulation
Weight to be fixed, to be labelled, and wrapped, and regulated as to delivery
Licences in respect of dogs
Transfer of licences
Delegation of power to grant licences
Fixing times for payment
Members’ clubs
Solicitors for charity, etc.
Charitable and other shows, etc.
Licensee not to discriminate
Juveniles in poolrooms, etc.
273. Terms and conditions of a licence
274. Payable in advance
275. Powers discretionary
276. Licence for each place of business
277. Power to suspend
Appeal from suspension
277.1 Delegation of Council hearings and appeals
278. Procedure where suspension or revocation recommended
279. Certain provisions of Liquor Control and Licensing Act not to apply
279A. Shops regulation
279A.1 Business premises regulation areas
279B. Regulation of “burglar alarms”
279C. Regulation of fire alarm systems
Part VII — Business Tax
279AA. Government activities
280. By-laws to be made
Business tax
Times and penalties
Complaints against assessments
Changes to tenancy to be notified
281. Access and information to be given
282. Interest on unpaid taxes
283. Status of owner-occupier
284. Tax a debt
285. Services included
286. Basis of assessment
287. Certain companies liable for tax
Part VIII — Public Works
288. City Engineer’s status
289. Streets and parks vested in city
289A. Use of streets and adjacent property
290. Protection of streets
291. Provision of Council for
Establishing streets
Stopping up
Prohibiting obstructions
Access to and from streets
Encroachments on streets
Snow and ice removal from roofs
Snow and ice removal from sidewalks
Cleanliness of streets
Ornamental trees
Their trimming
Watercourses not to be obstructed
Maps may be used
291A. Access to property and right to purchase
291B. Appeal against decision of Registrar
292. Subdivision control
293. Appeal and procedure
294. Limitation of actions
294A. Repealed
295. Remedy over
296. Third-party procedure
297. If claim paid by city
298. When validity of judgment applies
299. Condition of recovery
300. Powers of Council
Acquisition and distribution of water
Water system
Recovery of charges
Collectable as taxes
Water-main rental
Water connections
Abutting parcels to be connected
Supply may be interfered with
Energy Utility System
300.1 Establishment and operation of energy utility system
301. Provision of wharves
Sewers and Drains
302. Powers of Council
Sewerage and drainage system
Course of sewers and drains
Basic sewer and drainage levy
Sewer and drainage use charges
Connection may be required
Provision for installation
Terms of unstopping connections
Connection to new sewers
Charges payable in annual amounts
Levy and charges to be paid
Septic tanks
Sewage and surface-water disposal
Their position
Sewage-disposal plant
Flood control
Solid Waste
303. Powers of Council
Solid waste disposal system
Requiring persons to use system
Terms and conditions of use
Basic solid waste levy
User charges
Compelling payment of levy and charges
Delegation to City Engineer
Contracting for solid waste disposal services
Regulation of solid waste services
Regulation of direct disposal
Part IX — Buildings
304. Interpretation
305. City Building Inspector
306. By-laws for —
Regulating construction
Use of street during construction
Classification of buildings
Permit to be obtained
Conditions of permit
Certification of fitness
Powers of inspection
Standards for dwellings
Removal of non-conforming structures
Plumbing and heating facilities
Sewer and water connections required
Tests for plumbers
Gas or oil appliances
Fire limits
Unsafe buildings may be removed
Off-street parking and loading space requirements
Excavations to be guarded
Undue cost of services may prevent certain uses
Non-conforming building may be acquired
Adopting by reference
Street numbers may be assigned
Sale of goods and chattels
System established re Building By-law
Assessing costs to owner
Withholding of permit
Where owner unavailable
306A. Repealed
306B. Building Board of Appeal
307. Eviction of tenants may be effected
308. Taxes may be remitted
308A. Regulated by by-law
Part X — Fire Prevention and Control
309. Fire Department established
310. Appointment of staff, etc.
Appointment of staff
Acquisition of buildings
Communication systems
Entering into agreements with other local governments
Agreement with owners or occupiers
311. By-laws for —
Enabling entry on premises
Direction of traffic at fires and other emergencies
Persons to assist at fires
Buildings may be demolished
Handling of explosives, etc.
Gasoline and other pumps
Burning in the open
Application of Fire Services Act
Fire commissioner powers
Removal of fire-hazards
Prohibition of loitering in public buildings
Part XI — Electrical and Gas Works
312. City Electrician
313. His powers of entry for inspection
314. Powers of Council
315. Water powers
316. Saving clause
Part XII — Street Traffic
317. By-laws for —
Regulating traffic
Persons to give name and address to constable
Classification of vehicles
Speeds may be fixed
Sleds, skates, skateboards and other coasting and sliding devices
Classification of streets
Classification of pedestrian traffic
Their routes
Charges by carriers
Powers may be assigned to board
Limiting licences
Bicycle registration
Carrier to carry insurance
Testing of vehicles
Animals on streets
Tires and weight, etc., of vehicles
Dogs to be curbed
Lines on streets
Safety-zones on streets
Regulating, stopping, and parking on streets
Public parking
Contracting for parking areas
Parking Commission
Parking meters
Impounding of vehicles
318. Powers of Council
Stop-signs, etc.
School crossings
One-way traffic
Emergency powers for constables
319 By-laws for —
Gathering on street
Sales on streets
Advertising on streets
Distributing advertising-matter
Use of streets for motion pictures, festivals and other events
Fighting in public places
Street performers
Limiting permits
319.1 Relaxation of advertising by-laws
319.2 Temporary traffic restriction and traffic control
320. Street names and signs
321. Filings to be made
Part XIII — Airport
322. Airports
Establishing airports
Operating airports
Collecting fees, etc.
Delegating powers to commission
Part XIV — Nuisances
323. By-laws
Nuisances may be prohibited
Disturbing noises
Firearms and fireworks
Regulation of sale and possession of fireworks
Waste materials
Fumigating agents
Public bathing-pools
Excavations to be filled
Removal of rubbish
Transportation of offensive material
Smoke and dust regulation
Scale of density of emissions
Permit for certain equipment
Brush and weeds to be cleared
Disposal of waste
Standard of maintenance
324. By-laws for impounding and keeping of animals, etc.
Impounding of animals
Pound charges
Disposition of impounded animals
Dogs to be muzzled
Keeping of animals
Regulations of kennels, etc.
Keeping of birds
Seizure of any dog that bites
324.1 Dangerous dogs
324A. Enforcement of provisions of by-law re nuisance
Part XV — Health
325. Health Department
326. Repealed
327. Repealed
328. Inspection
329. Access to be permitted
330. Powers of Council
Health by-laws
Food and drink to be wholesome
Analysis of water
Regulation of places where food kept
Hours for milk delivery
Exclusion of dogs
Regulation of pigeons, etc.
Requirements for multiple dwellings
Public lavatories
Infectious diseases hospital
Homes for disabled
Non-complying premises not to be occupied
Restaurants, etc., subject to regulation
Remedy of inadequate utilities
Part XVI — Cemeteries or Related Property
331. Powers of Council
Acquisition of cemetery or related property
Regulation of disposition of the dead
Violation prohibited
Terms of use of cemeteries and related properties
Perpetual care
332. Repealed
Part XVII — Penalties
333. Fines and penalties
333A. Repealed
333B. Enforcement of bylaws
333C. Additional sentencing powers in relation to Offence Act prosecutions
334. Civil proceedings by city
335. Powers of Justice of the Peace
336. Expense may be recovered from defaulter
336A. Delegation of power to board or tribunal
336B. Violation of by-law
336C. Responsibility for by-law violation in building
336D. Note on title about building that is unsafe or contravenes by-law
Part XVIII — Department of Industrial Development
337. Department of Industrial Development may be established
Part XIX — Vancouver Athletic Commission
338. Commission may be established
To regulate boxing and wrestling
Fees may be imposed
Commission may make rules
Issue permits to promoters
To participants
Pass upon contracts
May discipline participants
Decisions appealable to Council
Permit required
Remedy by injunction
Appointment of secretary
Part XX — Real-Property Taxation
339. Repealed
340.–348. Repealed
349. Contiguous parcels
350. Repealed
351. Apportionment of taxes on subdivision
352.–367. Repealed
368. Repealed
369.–371. Repealed
Estimates and Rating By-law
372. Annual estimates
373. Annual rating by-law
374. Levy on net taxable value
374.1 Interpretation
374.2 Variable property tax rate system
374.3 Limits on variable tax rate system
374.4 Assessment averaging and phasing in by-laws
374.5 Repealed
375. Pending appeals, how dealt with
376. Rebates or penalties
376.1 Preparation and revision of residential flat rate tax roll
377.-378. Repealed
Appeals from Real-Property Court of Revision
379.–384. Repealed
385. Repealed
386.–395. Repealed
395A. Assessment for golf courses
Taxation of Real Property
396. Liability to taxation
Crown exempt; tenant or occupier liable
City property exempt
Also charitable institutions
And certain institutions of learning
And certain hospitals
And churches
And certain real property occupied by S.F.U.
Emergency shelters
And land or improvement for pollution control
And Vancouver Court House
And British Columbia Cancer Agency Branch
Meaning of “improvement”
Charitable institution
Farm improvements
396A. Exemptions for heritage property
396B. Repayment requirement in relation to heritage exemptions
396C. Exemptions for riparian property
396D. Repayment requirement in relation to riparian exemptions
396E. Revitalization tax exemptions
396F. Exemptions for not for profit property
397. Extent of exemption
Change of status
398. Equipment on streets to be taxed
Basis of taxation
Return by companies
399. Exemption from business tax
Collection of Real-Property Taxes
400. Tax roll
401. Its contents
401A. Supplementary roll
402. Collector to have custody
403. Mailing and content of tax statements
404. Date of mailing to be recorded
405. Copies may be had
406. Warning of tax sale
407. Further warning of tax sale
408. Repealed
409. Special charges that are to be collected as real-property taxes
409.1 Appeal against special charge
410. Taxes deemed due at beginning of year
411. When delinquent
412. Payment of taxes in advance
413. Persons liable for taxes
413A. Taxes to be first charge against lands
414. Constitute special lien
415. Interest
416. Payment by instalments
417. Application of term payments
418. Memo, showing taxes to be had
419. Taxes deemed legal after one year
420. Tax roll prima facie proof of debt
421. Apportionment where boundaries changed
Collection of School Taxes
421A. Agent of board of education
421B. Council to pay school taxes
421C. Taxes in arrear
Sale of Real Property for Delinquent Taxes Thereon
422. Tax sale each year
423. Status of Crown lands
424. Notice of sale
425. Collector to be auctioneer
426. Withdrawal of parcel from sale
427. Price to be paid
428. Reoffer of parcel
429. Amount to be paid at sale
430. Balance within a year
431. Certificate of purchase
432. Its contents
433. Copy of sections included
434. Mode of transfer
435. Notice by Collector to interested parties
436. Status of parcel so sold
437. Mode of redemption
438. Right to complain
439. Demand to be sent
440. Purchaser to be registered
441. Forfeiture if he defaults
442. Status of parcel upon such default
443. Status of former owner after sale
444. Status of sale set aside
445. Manifest errors
446. Protection against actions
447. Notice vitiates claim
448. City may acquire possession of parcel sold
449. Person redeeming may pay by instalments
450. Sale by city of parcels acquired at sale
451. Mode of recovering parcel from defaulting owner
452. Surplus in hands of Collector
453. Action may be taken
454. Period of limitation
Part XXI — Business Improvement Areas
455. Business improvement areas
456. Grants of money
457. Application and recovery of money
458. Alteration of boundaries
459. Levies for business improvement areas
460. Advances
461. Part XX to apply
462. Expiry of by-law
463. Repealed
464.–473. Repealed
473A. Repealed
473B.-474. Repealed
Part XXII — Police Magistrates
474.1 Interpretation
475.–480. Repealed
481. Enforcement of laws
482. Ticket offences under procedure of previous Offence Act provisions
482.1 Ticket offences
482.2 Penalties in relation to ticket offences
482.3 Laying information and serving ticket
482.4 Choice of paying fine or disputing ticket
482.5 Effect of paying fine
482.6 Hearing of dispute
482.7 Failure to appear at hearing
482.8 Failure to respond to ticket
482.9 Time extensions if person not at fault in failing to respond or appear
482.91 Regulations in relation to ticket offences
483. Disposal of property by police
484. Repealed
484A.-484B. Repealed
Part XXIII — Parks
485. Park Board established
486. Elections for Park Board
486A. Application of conflict of interest provisions
487. Repealed
488. Parks in care of Board
489. Powers of Board
As to buildings, etc.
Sports and games
Admittance fees
Closure of parks
Bathing accommodation
Swimming pools
Sale of commodities
Animals, etc., may be kept
Areas set apart for bathing, etc.
And for skating, etc.
Council may add to powers
Implementing powers
Recreational programs
489A. Power of Board to perform works
489B. Payments to members of the Board
490. Board’s power of leasing, etc.
491. Board’s power to make by-laws
Excluding animals, etc.
Controlling assemblies
Regulating signs
Mischief may be forbidden
Delegation of powers
491.1 Relaxation of advertising and sign by-laws
491A. Meetings of the Board
492. Board’s estimates to be submitted each year
493. Adopted estimates not to be exceeded
494. Enforcement of by-laws
495. Special meetings of the Board
496. Certain employees to have special powers
497. Power to make agreements with other municipalities
497A. Board’s jurisdiction outside city
Part XXIV — Local Improvements
498. Interpretation
499. Mailing of notices
500. Local improvement projects
501. Property-owner’s share of the cost
502. City’s share of the cost
503. Crown, how dealt with
504. Property otherwise exempt may be taxed
505. Borrowing for project
506. How projects promoted
By petition of owners
On initiative of Council
Provision for objections
On special grounds
Ornamental lighting
Paving and repaving or resurfacing streets
506A. Collective parking project
506B. Maintenance of local improvements
507. Provision where pavement exceeds certain width
Provision for taking vote
508. By-law making regulations
509. How joint owners dealt with
510. Special assessment roll
Its contents
Notice to be mailed
Court of Revision
511. Its powers and duties
512. Provision for additions to roll
513. Further appeal
513.1 Complaints about averaging and phasing in by-laws
514. Roll not be questioned
515. Costs to be apportioned
516. Local improvement by-law
517. Amounts to go in tax roll
518. By-law to be repassed where held invalid
Effect of new by-law
Special powers of Council
519. Project may be reduced in scope
520. Part V to apply
521. Effect on city’s debt
522. Shortage, how dealt with
523. Excess, how dealt with
523A. Resolution cancelling local improvement or work
523B. Special rates levy
523C. Council may defer levies
523C.1 Council may assume levies
Part XXIV-A — Development Cost Levies
523D. Development cost levies
Part XXV — Quashing By-laws and Resolutions
524. Illegal by-law or resolution may be quashed
525. Notice and security
526. Service on city within one month
527. Particulars to be given
528. Repealed
529. Applies to corrupt practices, etc.
530. Procedure on application alleging corrupt practices, etc.
Part XXVI — Compensation for Real Property Expropriated or Injured
531. Repealed
532. Power to expropriate
533.–537. Repealed
538. Additional area may be acquired
539.-540. Repealed
540.1 Power to expropriate personal property
540A. Repealed
Injurious Affection
541. Compensation for injurious affection
542. Power to enter other property
543. Claim to be filed
544. How damage ascertained
545.–550. Repealed
551. Change of street grade
552. Traffic powers
553.–557. Repealed
558. Repealed
Part XXVII — Planning and Development
559. Interpretation
560. Appointment of Director of Planning
560A. Power of entry to inspect
561. Development plans
562. Council powers respecting official development plan
562.01 Greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets
562.1 Planning of school facilities
563. Undertakings, official development plan
564. Power to acquire lands in addition to those essential to project
Power to purchase or expropriate
564A. Repealed
565. Zoning by-law
565.1 Zoning for amenities and affordable housing
565.2 Housing agreements for affordable and special needs housing
565A. By-laws
565B. Occupancy of suite defined
565C. Conditional approval use of suite
565D. Occupancy of phase out suite
565E. Expiry of development permit which is limited in time
565F. Landscaping requirements
566. Amendment or repeal of zoning by-law
567. By-laws governing restrictions as to height of buildings, size of courts and yards
568. Non-conforming buildings
Fire damage to non-conforming building
Heritage Property
569. Property injuriously affected
570. Withholding of permit pending adoption of zoning by-law
571. Repealed
571A. Sign by-laws
571AA. Relaxation of sign by-laws
571B. Environmental Management Act requirements must be met
571C. Agreements for regulating contaminated sites
571D. Approval of bylaw
Board of Variance
572. Establishment and membership of Board of Variance
573. Appeals to Board of Variance
Advisory Planning Commission
574. Personnel and powers of Commission
Part XXVIII — Heritage Conservation
Division (1) — General
575. Definitions
576. Limits on the use of this Part
577. Limit on compensation
578. By-law and permit procedures
579. Delegation of Council authority
580. Ombudsperson review of Council decisions
Division (2) — Heritage Review
581. Heritage commissions
582. Heritage register
583. Heritage inspection may be ordered
584. Entry authority for a heritage inspection
585. Impact assessment may be required
586. Requests for Provincial protection
Division (3) — Temporary Protection
587. Withholding of approvals
588. Withholding of demolition permits pending other approvals
589. Orders for temporary protection
589A. Temporary protection by introduction of a continuing protection by-law
590. Heritage control periods for temporary protection
591. Temporary protection
Division (4) — Continuing Protection
592. Heritage revitalization agreements
593. Heritage designation protection
594. Heritage designation procedure
595. Compensation for heritage designation
595A. Transfer of increased density provided as compensation for heritage designation
596. Heritage site maintenance standards
596A. Designation of heritage conservation areas
596B. Heritage conservation areas
Division (5) — Heritage Alteration Permits
597. Heritage alteration permits
598. Requirements and conditions in a heritage alteration permit
Division (6) — Notices under this Part
599. Giving notice to owners and occupiers
600. Posting notice on protected heritage property
601. Notice on land titles
602. Notice to minister responsible for the Heritage Conservation Act
603. Regulations regarding notices
Division (7) — Remedies and Offences
604. Civil remedies in relation to heritage property
605. Notice of contravention may be filed in land title office
606. Offences and penalties
Part XXIX — Protection of Trees
607. General protection of trees
608. Regulation of tree cutting and removal
609. Significant trees
610. Hazardous trees and shrubs
611. Removal or replacement of trees at owner’s expense
612. Assessment and inspection of trees
613. Limits on powers under this division
614. Reconsideration of delegate’s decision

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